Narinda Kapany “the father of fiber optics” commenced his pioneering research in fiber optics at the Imperial College London, working with Harold Hopkins, an English physicist. In 1954 he demonstrated for the first time at its Department of Physics that light can travel in bent glass fibers.
It quickly became know that light could travel considerable distances in such fibers and transmit information. The age of fiber optic communications was born.
Today engineers and physicists are taught that photons (particles of light), unlike electrons, interact only weakly with matter, which gives rise to their ability to carry information long distances. Fortunately this is only partly true and it can be made possible for photons to interact strongly with certain types of matter and structures. This enables photons to be created, controlled and detected, which makes them ideal for use in communications systems.
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